Bananas are also victims of climate change. A new British study shows that climate change makes banana crops in Latin America and the Caribbean more vulnerable to a more common fungal disease.
Researchers from the University of Exeter recently reported in the Journal of Philosophy of the Royal Society Biology Branch in the United Kingdom that they analyzed the transmission data and related climatic information of black stripe leaf spot and found that over the past half century, changes in humidity and temperature have increased the risk of black stripe leaf spot on banana crops in Latin America and the Caribbean by more than 44%. It is reported that black leaf spot first appeared in Asia in the last century and was introduced to Honduras in 1972. In 1998, Brazil reported the discovery of black leaf spot. More than a decade ago, it invaded some banana growing areas in the Caribbean. The infected plants not only suffered obvious damage to their leaves, but also significantly reduced their yield and fruit quality. Daniel Bebel of the University of Exeter, the author of the report, said that climate change provided better temperature conditions for the spore growth of the fungus and made the canopy moist, which increased the risk of black stripe disease in many banana growing areas in Latin America and the Caribbean.
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