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    Home > Organic Chemistry

    Organic Chemistry

    Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon. The classification of organic chemical substances is mainly based on their decisive role, which can represent the different groups of chemical substances. Can be divided into: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons (above hydrocarbons); halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives, amines, nitro compounds, nitrile Class, sulfur-containing organic compounds (such as mercaptans, thioethers, thiophenols, sulfonic acids, sulfones, and sulfoxides), phosphorus-containing organic compounds and other elemental organic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, etc. (the above are hydrocarbon derivatives)

    Heterocyclic Ring

    Among the Heterocyclic Ring, in addition to carbon atoms, the compounds that make up the compound also contain non-carbon atoms to become heterocyclic compounds. Non-carbon atoms in the ring become heteroatoms. Among heterocyclic compounds, nitrogen-containing heterocycles are the most important, and among nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds, the research of pyrazoles and amides is one of the fastest growing fields in recent years.

    Nitrile Compound

    Nitrile can be regarded as a compound produced by replacing the hydrogen atom of hydrocyanic acid HCN with a hydrocarbon group. Nitrile compounds are important chemical raw materials and are widely used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibers and plastics. They are also used in electroplating, steel quenching and mineral processing industries. The most important property of nitrile compounds is that it is relatively stable in weakly alkaline media (such as in soaps, detergents, etc.)

    Alcohols, Phenols, Phenol Alcohols

    Alcohols are a large class of organic compounds. They are compounds in which the hydrogen atoms in the side chains of aliphatic hydrocarbons, alicyclic hydrocarbons, or aromatic hydrocarbons are replaced by hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl group is connected to the benzene ring, and it is classified as phenol because of its chemical properties that are different from ordinary alcohols. Phenol is an important chemical raw material and can be used to manufacture dyes, drugs, phenolic resins, adhesives, etc. There are many types of phenolic compounds, including phenol, cresol, aminophenol, nitrophenol, naphthol, chlorophenol and so on. "Alcohols, Phenols, Phenol Alcohols" on Echemi mainly includes: cyclitols, Alcohol derivatives, Phenol Alcohols derivatives, Phenol derivatives, Acyclic alcohols.
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