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Caustic Soda

Caustic Soda structure
  • CAS No:

    1310-73-2

  • Formula:

    HNaO

  • Synonyms:

    Caustic Soda; Naoh; Sodium Hydroxide; Sodium hydrate

  • China Export:

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Caustic Soda from China was 582,275,778KG while total export value was $264,560,016. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 10.28% in 2019.07.

  • Categories:

    Inorganic Chemistry  >  Inorganic Bases

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Description

Colorless to white, odorless solid (flakes, beads, granular form).

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Basic Attributes

  • 1310-73-2

  • HNaO

  • 39.99710

  • 39.99250

  • 23.06000

  • 923-604-4

  • HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M

  • 1

  • 1

  • 0

Characteristics

  • Non white solid

  • 2.13 g/cm3

  • 318ºC

  • 1388ºC

  • N/A

  • 1.473-1.475

  • H2O: 418 g/L (0 °C), 1110 g/L (20 °C), 3370 g/L (100 °C);soluble in methanol and glycerol, negligible in ammonia, insoluble in ether

  • Storage Room low temperature ventilation drying ,Separate storage of flammable, combustible, and acids

  • 24.5mmHg at 25°C

  • <1 (vs air)

  • CONTAINERS OF LYE MUST BE TIGHTLY CLOSED TO PREVENT CONVERSION TO SODIUM CARBONATE BY CARBON DIOXIDE OF AIR.

Safety Information

  • II

  • 8

  • 2815110000

  • UN 1824 8/PG 2

  • 1

  • R35

  • S26-S45-S37/39-S24/25-S36/37/39

  • TT2975000

  • C

  • Separated from food and feedstuffs, strong acids and metals. Store only in original container. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.

  • P280-P303 + P361 + P353-P304 + P340 + P310-P305 + P351 + P338

  • H290-H314

  • Noncombustible Solid, but when in contact with water may generate sufficient heat to ignite combustible materials.

Usage

1. Basic and important chemical feed, used as textiles industry, printing, detergent, paper-making, soap-mak inmetallurgy, glass enamel, medica mentoil-refining and making synthetic fiber, plastics, and many kinds of organic-mediacy.
2. Choline acetyltransferase substrate.
3. Used as alkalimetric titrant, buffers, pH modifiers.

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Production Methods

Industrial caustic soda production methods are caustic and electrolytic methods are two. Caustic process according to different raw materials into Caustic soda caustic soda and caustic soda; electrolysis can be divided into membrane electrolysis and ion exchange membrane method.
1. Caustic soda method Soda ash, lime, respectively, by the alkali solution made of soda ash, made of lime milk, in 99 ~ 101 ℃ for caustic reaction, caustic liquor by clarification, evaporation and concentration to 40% or more, the system Get liquid caustic soda. The concentrated liquid is further boiled and solidified to obtain solid caustic soda product. Caustic mud with water washing, washing water for alkali.
2. Trona caustic soda Taken by crushing, dissolved (or alkali halogen), clarified after adding lime milk in the 95 ~ 100 ℃ for causticizing, caustic liquor by clarification, evaporation concentration to 46% NaOH concentration, clear Liquid cooling, salt and further boil after thickening. So as to obtain solid caustic soda product. The caustic mud is washed with water and the washing water is used to dissolve the trona. Sodium chloride or barium chloride refined to remove calcium, magnesium, sulfate ions and other impurities, and then in the clarification tank by adding sodium or caustic soda bran to accelerate the precipitation of sand, the sand After adding hydrochloric acid and filtering, the brine is sent to electrolysis after preheating, the electrolyte is preheated, evaporated, divided into salt and cooled to obtain liquid caustic soda, and further boiled to obtain solid caustic soda product. Salt water for salt washing.
3. Ion-exchange membrane method After the original salt of salt by the traditional method of refining, a fine salt water through the microporous sintered carbon filter tube filter, and then through the chelating ion exchange resin tower for secondary refining, So that the salt water calcium and magnesium content down to 0.002% or less, the secondary refined brine electrolysis, in the anode chamber to generate chlorine gas, anode chamber salt water Na + through the membrane into the cathode chamber and cathode chamber 0H generated sodium hydroxide, H + directly Discharge in the cathode to generate hydrogen. During the electrolysis, an appropriate amount of high purity hydrochloric acid was added to the anode chamber to neutralize the returned OH-. The pure water was added to the cathode chamber. In the cathode chamber generated high purity caustic soda concentration of 30% to 32% (mass), can be directly used as liquid caustic soda products, can also be further boil concentrated, in the system of body products. Its sodium hydroxide purification methods: sodium hydroxide contains impurities are usually iron, sodium chloride, silicate, carbonate and so on. Take 100g of industrial sodium hydroxide dissolved in 1L anhydrous ethanol (excluding acetaldehyde), in the absence of carbon dioxide, moisture, dry air filtration, removal of chloride, carbonate, silicate and other impurities, concentrated filtrate removal Ethanol, and the resulting solid sodium ethoxide was separated with concentration. Pure ethanol washed several times, a long time heating to remove the residual pressure of ethanol, the purity of about 99.8% sodium hydroxide. Electrolysis and causticization are adopted. Electrolysis method is divided into mercury electrolysis and diaphragm electrolysis. Mercury electrolysis salt salt, add soda ash, caustic soda and barium chloride to remove tungsten, magnesium and sulfate and other impurities. After clarification, sand filtration, hydrochloric acid, and then by preheating, electrolysis derived. Diaphragm electrolysis method is to salt, add soda ash, caustic soda and barium chloride, remove tungsten, magnesium and sulfate derived.

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China Caustic Soda Export Data

Data referenced from General Administration of Customs,P.R.China

2018.11-2019.11 China - America  Caustic Soda Export Data

From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Caustic Soda from China to America was 3,013,990KG while total export value was $1,972,361. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 30.64% in 2018.11.

2018.11-2019.11 China Caustic Soda Export Data

From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Caustic Soda from China was 582,275,778KG while total export value was $264,560,016. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 10.28% in 2019.07.

2018.11-2019.11 TOP10 Purchasing Countries' Export Data of Chinese Caustic Soda

From 2018.11 to 2019.11, China has exported Caustic Soda to 135 countries in total. Country ranks by import volume from high to low is Vietnam, Uzbekistan, Nigeria, Indonesia, Russia, Kazakstan, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Brazil, South Africa. The highest export volume was China to Vietnam, accounting for 4.90% of the total volume of China.

Check Export Data for More Purchasing Countries

Purchasing Country Export Volume(KG) Export Percentage Export Value($)

Vietnam

54,980,750

4.90%

23,324,193

Uzbekistan

44,094,750

3.93%

17,931,667

Nigeria

37,445,000

3.34%

18,801,259

Indonesia

31,740,625

2.83%

15,290,355

Russia

29,999,250

2.67%

11,795,254

Kazakstan

26,665,250

2.38%

10,637,232

Ivory Coast

26,377,500

2.35%

13,236,824

Ghana

23,441,625

2.09%

11,249,698

Brazil

22,878,500

2.04%

9,671,744

South Africa

20,033,000

1.78%

9,444,315

Peru

15,632,000

1.39%

6,311,206

Djibouti

15,579,675

1.39%

7,048,107

Tanzania

15,574,100

1.39%

6,590,011

Cameroon

10,865,600

0.97%

5,177,157

Kenya

10,219,500

0.91%

4,570,943

Korea

9,694,893

0.86%

4,742,318

Philippines

9,526,000

0.85%

4,224,176

Thailand

8,516,250

0.76%

3,563,405

Singapore

8,371,000

0.75%

3,907,897

Chile

8,071,000

0.72%

3,383,121

Mozambique

7,566,200

0.67%

3,049,273

Togo

7,470,500

0.67%

3,881,412

Guinea

7,163,000

0.64%

3,773,153

Colombia

7,046,000

0.63%

2,724,222

Senegal

6,980,300

0.62%

3,433,952

Bangladesh

6,597,000

0.59%

2,908,596

North Korea

6,323,175

0.56%

3,604,715

Democratic Republic Of The Congo

6,162,750

0.55%

3,012,066

Ukraine

5,467,975

0.49%

2,726,674

Laos

5,040,000

0.45%

3,528,000

Price Analysis

  • 2020-05-05

    Affected by the epidemic, there is no obvious improvement in downstream demand.The market transactions are light, and the price reduction of enterprises mainly promotes transactions. It is expected that the caustic soda market will run weakly in the short term.(from Mike Wang)

  • 2020-04-28

    Affected by the epidemic, there is no obvious improvement in downstream demand.The market transactions are light, and the price reduction of enterprises mainly promotes transactions. It is expected that the caustic soda market will run weakly in the short term.(from Mike Wang)

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