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    Home > SDS > 2,3-DINITROTOLUENE
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    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

    1.Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name 1-methyl-2,3-dinitrobenzene

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names 2,3-Dinitrotoluol

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. CBI
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company Echemi.com
    Address Echemi.com
    Telephone Echemi.com
    Fax Echemi.com

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number Echemi.com
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 3

    Acute toxicity - Dermal, Category 3

    Acute toxicity - Inhalation, Category 3

    Germ cell mutagenicity, Category 2

    Carcinogenicity, Category 1B

    Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 2

    Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term (Acute) - Category Acute 1

    Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term (Chronic) - Category Chronic 1

    Reproductive toxicity, Category 2

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Danger

    Hazard statement(s)

    H301 Toxic if swallowed

    H311 Toxic in contact with skin

    H331 Toxic if inhaled

    H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects

    H350 May cause cancer

    H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

    H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

    H361f

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

    P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

    P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

    P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

    P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

    P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

    P273 Avoid release to the environment.

    Response

    P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

    P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

    P330 Rinse mouth.

    P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

    P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

    P361+P364 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

    P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

    P311 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

    P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

    P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.

    P391 Collect spillage.

    Storage

    P405 Store locked up.

    P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    none

    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    1-methyl-2,3-dinitrobenzene 1-methyl-2,3-dinitrobenzene 602-01-7 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.

    In case of skin contact

    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer for medical attention .

    In case of eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    If swallowed

    Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    no data available

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    In case of ingestion, induction of emesis is not recommended because of the potential for central nervous system depression. Gastric lavage and administration of activated charcoal may be considered soon after ingestion, provided airways are protected. /Dinitrotoluene/

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    WATER, DRY CHEMICAL, OR CARBON DIOXIDE FROM PROTECTED LOCATION.

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    no data available

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    1) REMOVE ALL IGNITION SOURCES. 2) VENTILATE AREA OF SPILL. 3) FOR SMALL QUANTITIES, SWEEP ONTO PAPER OR OTHER SUITABLE MATERIAL & BURN IN SUITABLE COMBUSTION CHAMBER WHICH ALLOWS BURNING IN UNCONFINED CONDITION & IS EQUIPPED WITH APPROPRIATE EFFLUENT GAS CLEANING DEVICE. LARGE QUANTITIES MAY BE RECLAIMED; ... IF ... NOT PRACTICAL, DISSOLVE IN FUEL OIL & ATOMIZE IN SUITABLE COMBUSTION CHAMBER EQUIPPED WITH APPROPRIATE EFFLUENT GAS CLEANING DEVICE.

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof. Separated from strong bases, food and feedstuffs, oxidants and strong reducing agents. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.Normally stored as a molten liquid. Separate from strong oxidizers & reducing agents. Hot water coils should not exceed 194 deg F (90°C). /Dinitrotoluenes/

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    NIOSH considers dinitrotoluene to be a potential occupational carcinogen. /Dinitrotoluene/

    NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration. /Dinitrotoluene/

    Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hour Time-Weighted Average: 1.5 mg/cu m, skin. /Dinitrotoluene/

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state OtherSolid
    Colour Yellow crystals
    Odour no data available
    Melting point/ freezing point 59-61ºC
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 331.5ºC at 760 mmHg
    Flammability Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
    Flash point 170.2ºC
    Auto-ignition temperature no data available
    Decomposition temperature 250-300°C
    pH no data available
    Kinematic viscosity no data available
    Solubility Soluble in ethanol, ether; slightly soluble in chloroform
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log kow = 2.18 (est)
    Vapour pressure 1.6X10-4 mm Hg at 25°C (est)
    Density and/or relative density 1.407 g/cm3
    Relative vapour density 6.28 (Air = 1)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    Stable under recommended storage conditions.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    Combustible material. /3,4-Dinitrotoluene/Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    no data available

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of /nitrogen oxides/.

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 911 mg/kg
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    A3; Confirmed animal carcinogen with unknown relevance to humans. /Dinitrotoluene/

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Lepomis macrochirus (Bluegill) young of year , weight 0.32-1.2 g; Conditions: freshwater, static, 21-23°C, pH 6.5-7.9, dissolved oxygen 0.3-9.7 mg/L; Concentration: 1600 ug/L for 24 hr /> or = 80% purity formulation
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea); Conditions: static; Concentration: 1.49 umol/L for 48 hr; Effect: immobilization
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    AEROBIC: 2,3-Dinitrotoluene was not mineralized in water from a pond and from Waconda Bay; however, 2,3-dinitrotoluene was co-metabolized when 500 ppm of yeast extract were added to the water from these two sources(1). The rate of degradation with added yeast extract in Searsville Pond water was 3.1X10+10 mL/cell-hr, and in Waconda Bay water 5.9X10+10 mL/cell-hr(1). Mixed dinitrotoluene isomers, present at 100 mg/L, reached 0% of its theoretical BOD in 2 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test that suggests the compound is not readily biodegradable(2).

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    An estimated BCF of 13 was calculated in fish for 2,3-dinitrotoluene(SRC), using an estimated log Kow of 2.18(1) and a regression-derived equation(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC). The BCF in carp (Cyprinus carpio) ranged from 0.6 to 21.2 at test concentrations of 0.25 and 0.025 ppm dinitrotoluene (mixed isomers) over a 6-week exposure period(3).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    Using a structure estimation method based on molecular connectivity indices(1), the Koc of 2,3-dinitrotoluene can be estimated to be 587(SRC). Using a structure estimation method based on an estimated log Kow of 2.18(1), the Koc of 2,3-dinitrotoluene can be estimated to be 370(SRC). According to a classification scheme(2), these estimated Koc values suggest that 2,3-dinitrotoluene is expected to have low to medium mobility in soil.

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN3454 IMDG: UN3454 IATA: UN3454

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: DINITROTOLUENES, SOLID
    IMDG: DINITROTOLUENES, SOLID
    IATA: DINITROTOLUENES, SOLID

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 6 IMDG: 6 IATA: 6

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: yes IMDG: yes IATA: yes

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    1-methyl-2,3-dinitrobenzene 1-methyl-2,3-dinitrobenzene 602-01-7 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Not Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Not Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Not Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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