Product
  • Product
  • Supplier
  • Inquiry
    Home > SDS > Diethyl Carbonate
    Technical supported by xixisys.com. For US version, EU version (23 languages) and more, please refer to xixisys.com/sds.

    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

    1.Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name Diethyl carbonate

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names Carbonic acid, diethyl ester

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company Echemi.com
    Address Echemi.com
    Telephone Echemi.com
    Fax Echemi.com

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number Echemi.com
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Flammable liquids, Category 3

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Warning

    Hazard statement(s)

    H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

    P233 Keep container tightly closed.

    P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

    P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

    P242 Use non-sparking tools.

    P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    Response

    P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

    P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

    Storage

    P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    none

    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    Diethyl carbonate Diethyl carbonate 105-58-8 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest.

    In case of skin contact

    Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

    In case of eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    If swallowed

    Rinse mouth. Rest.

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    High vapor concentrations can cause headache, irritation of eyes and respiratory tract, dizziness, nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness. (USCG, 1999)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal ... . /Esters and related compounds/

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    ... FOAM, CARBON DIOXIDE, DRY CHEMICAL

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 128 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Immiscible)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot. For hybrid vehicles, ERG Guide 147 (lithium ion batteries) or ERG Guide 138 (sodium batteries) should also be consulted. If molten aluminum is involved, refer to ERG Guide 169. (ERG, 2016)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Pick up and arrange disposal. Sweep up and shovel. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed.

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    no data available

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state colourless liquid with a mild odour
    Colour Colorless liquid
    Odour Pleasant ethereal odor
    Melting point/ freezing point 300°C(lit.)
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 126-128°C(lit.)
    Flammability Flammable.
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
    Flash point 25°C
    Auto-ignition temperature 445°C
    Decomposition temperature no data available
    pH no data available
    Kinematic viscosity no data available
    Solubility In water:Negligible
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow= 1.21
    Vapour pressure 10 mm Hg ( 23.8 °C)
    Density and/or relative density 0.975g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
    Relative vapour density 4.1 (vs air)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    STABLE

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    ... DANGEROUS ... WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT OR FLAMEThe vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.DIETHYL CARBONATE reacts with acids to liberate heat along with ethanol and carbon dioxide. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LDLo Rat oral 15 g/kg
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    no data available

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: no data available
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    Although no biodegradation data for diethyl carbonate were located, chemically similar short alkyl chain esters have been shown to biodegrade(1).

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    An estimated BCF of 2 was calculated for diethyl carbonate(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.21(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    The Koc of diethyl carbonate is estimated as 100(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.21(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that diethyl carbonate is expected to have high mobility in soil(SRC).

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN2366 IMDG: UN2366 IATA: UN2366

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: DIETHYL CARBONATE
    IMDG: DIETHYL CARBONATE
    IATA: DIETHYL CARBONATE

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    Diethyl carbonate Diethyl carbonate 105-58-8 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
    Suggestions
    Email:
    Message:
    Send Message