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    Home > SDS > Diethyl Carbonate

    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to the UN GHS revision 8

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: July 15, 2019

    Revision Date: July 15, 2019

    1. Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name

    Diethyl carbonate

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number

    -

    Other names

    Carbonic acid, diethyl ester; Carbonic ether; Carbonic Acid Diethyl Ester

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses

    Food additives -> Flavoring Agents

    Uses advised against

    no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company

    Echemi.com

    Address

    Echemi.com

    Telephone

    Echemi.com

    Fax

    Echemi.com

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number

    Echemi.com

    Service hours

    Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2. Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Flammable liquids, Category 3

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Warning

    Hazard statement(s)

    H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

    P233 Keep container tightly closed.

    P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

    P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

    P242 Use non-sparking tools.

    P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    Response

    P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

    P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

    Storage

    P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to an appropriate treatment and disposal facility in accordance with applicable laws and regulations, and product characteristics at time of disposal.

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    no data available

    3. Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    Diethyl carbonate Diethyl carbonate 105-58-8 203-311-1 100%

    4. First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Medical attention is required. Consult a doctor. Show this safety data sheet (SDS) to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest.

    Following skin contact

    Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

    Following eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    Following ingestion

    Rinse mouth. Rest.

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    High vapor concentrations can cause headache, irritation of eyes and respiratory tract, dizziness, nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness. (USCG, 1999)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Basic Treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal . Esters and related compounds

    5. Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    Foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemical

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 128 [Flammable Liquids (Water-Immiscible)]: HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. Substance may be transported hot. For hybrid vehicles, ERG Guide 147 (lithium ion batteries) or ERG Guide 138 (sodium batteries) should also be consulted. If molten aluminum is involved, refer to ERG Guide 169. (ERG, 2016)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Use AFFF, alcohol-resistant foam, powder, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.

    6. Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Collect and arrange disposal. Keep the chemical in suitable and closed containers for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-proof equipment. Adhered or collected material should be promptly disposed of, in accordance with appropriate laws and regulations.

    7. Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with strong oxidizing agents. Above 25°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment. Handling in a well ventilated place. Wear suitable protective clothing. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Use non-sparking tools. Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed.

    8. Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Ensure adequate ventilation. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Wear safety goggles.

    Skin protection

    Protective gloves.

    Respiratory protection

    Use ventilation.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9. Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state

    Diethyl carbonate is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant odor. It is slightly less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Flash point 77°F. Vapors are heavier than air. When heated to high temperatures it may emit acrid smoke. Used as a solvent.

    Colour

    Colorless liquid

    Odour

    Pleasant ethereal odor

    Melting point/ freezing point

    300°C(lit.)

    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

    126-128°C(lit.)

    Flammability

    Flammable.

    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit

    no data available

    Flash point

    25°C

    Auto-ignition temperature

    445°C

    Decomposition temperature

    no data available

    pH

    no data available

    Kinematic viscosity

    no data available

    Solubility

    Insoluble (NTP, 1992)

    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

    log Kow= 1.21

    Vapour pressure

    10 mm Hg ( 23.8 °C)

    Density and/or relative density

    0.975g/mLat 25°C(lit.)

    Relative vapour density

    4.1 (vs air)

    Particle characteristics

    no data available

    10. Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    Reacts violently with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks many plastics and resins.

    10.2 Chemical stability

    STABLE

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    DANGEROUS ... WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT OR FLAMEThe vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.DIETHYL CARBONATE reacts with acids to liberate heat along with ethanol and carbon dioxide. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

    11. Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LDLo Rat oral 15 g/kg
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    no data available

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    The substance is irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract.

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying.

    12. Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: no data available
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    Although no biodegradation data for diethyl carbonate were located, chemically similar short alkyl chain esters have been shown to biodegrade(1).

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    An estimated BCF of 2 was calculated for diethyl carbonate(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.21(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    The Koc of diethyl carbonate is estimated as 100(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.21(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that diethyl carbonate is expected to have high mobility in soil(SRC).

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13. Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14. Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN2366 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: UN2366 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: UN2366 (For reference only, please check.)

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: DIETHYL CARBONATE (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: DIETHYL CARBONATE (For reference only, please check.) IATA: DIETHYL CARBONATE (For reference only, please check.)

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 3 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: 3 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: 3 (For reference only, please check.)

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: III (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: III (For reference only, please check.) IATA: III (For reference only, please check.)

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: No IMDG: No IATA: No

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15. Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    Diethyl carbonate Diethyl carbonate 105-58-8 203-311-1
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.
    Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL) Listed.

    16. Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date July 15, 2019
    Revision Date July 15, 2019

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/
    Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to sds@xixisys.com

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

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