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    Organic Chemistry

    Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon. The classification of organic chemical substances is mainly based on their decisive role, which can represent the different groups of chemical substances. Can be divided into: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons (above hydrocarbons); halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives, amines, nitro compounds, nitrile Class, sulfur-containing organic compounds (such as mercaptans, thioethers, thiophenols, sulfonic acids, sulfones, and sulfoxides), phosphorus-containing organic compounds and other elemental organic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, etc. (the above are hydrocarbon derivatives)

    Heterocyclic Ring

    Among the Heterocyclic Ring, in addition to carbon atoms, the compounds that make up the compound also contain non-carbon atoms to become heterocyclic compounds. Non-carbon atoms in the ring become heteroatoms. Among heterocyclic compounds, nitrogen-containing heterocycles are the most important, and among nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds, the research of pyrazoles and amides is one of the fastest growing fields in recent years.

    Nitrogen Compounds

    Organic Nitrogen Compounds generally refer to organic compounds containing carbon-nitrogen bonds in the molecule, including amines, nitrogen heterocycles, nitriles, nitro compounds and the like. Organic nitrogen-containing compounds are widespread in nature and are a very important class of compounds. Many organic nitrogen-containing compounds have biological activities, such as alkaloids; some are indispensable substances for life activities, such as amino acids; many drugs and dyes are also organic nitrogen compounds.

    Hydrocarbons and Derivatives

    Hydrocarbons generally refer to hydrocarbons and are a type of organic compound. This compound consists of only two elements, carbon and hydrogen, including alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, cyclic hydrocarbons, and aromatic hydrocarbons, and is the matrix of many other organic compounds. There are many types of hydrocarbons, which can be divided into: open-chain hydrocarbons, alicyclic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon derivatives are compound compounds that continue to combine with other elemental substances or other compounds. Derivatives of hydrocarbons are more colorful and diverse. It mainly combines with oxygen, chlorine, bromine and their hydrides to form a huge derivative community.

    Amides

    Compounds containing amide bonds are called amides. Amides can be regarded as nitrogen-containing derivatives of carboxylic acids, as well as derivatives of ammonia or amines. Amides can be divided into amides, imides, lactams and N-substituted amides according to their structure. It is mainly used as an industrial solvent, used in the production of vitamins and hormones in the pharmaceutical industry, and also used in the manufacture of insecticidal amidine. In organic reactions, dimethylformamide is not only widely used as a solvent for the reaction, but also an important intermediate in organic synthesis.
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