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    Home > Organic Chemistry

    Organic Chemistry

    Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon. The classification of organic chemical substances is mainly based on their decisive role, which can represent the different groups of chemical substances. Can be divided into: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons (above hydrocarbons); halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives, amines, nitro compounds, nitrile Class, sulfur-containing organic compounds (such as mercaptans, thioethers, thiophenols, sulfonic acids, sulfones, and sulfoxides), phosphorus-containing organic compounds and other elemental organic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, etc. (the above are hydrocarbon derivatives)

    Heterocyclic Ring

    Among the Heterocyclic Ring, in addition to carbon atoms, the compounds that make up the compound also contain non-carbon atoms to become heterocyclic compounds. Non-carbon atoms in the ring become heteroatoms. Among heterocyclic compounds, nitrogen-containing heterocycles are the most important, and among nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds, the research of pyrazoles and amides is one of the fastest growing fields in recent years.

    Alcohols, Phenols, Phenol Alcohols

    Alcohols are a large class of organic compounds. They are compounds in which the hydrogen atoms in the side chains of aliphatic hydrocarbons, alicyclic hydrocarbons, or aromatic hydrocarbons are replaced by hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl group is connected to the benzene ring, and it is classified as phenol because of its chemical properties that are different from ordinary alcohols. Phenol is an important chemical raw material and can be used to manufacture dyes, drugs, phenolic resins, adhesives, etc. There are many types of phenolic compounds, including phenol, cresol, aminophenol, nitrophenol, naphthol, chlorophenol and so on. "Alcohols, Phenols, Phenol Alcohols" on Echemi mainly includes: cyclitols, Alcohol derivatives, Phenol Alcohols derivatives, Phenol derivatives, Acyclic alcohols.

    Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

    Carboxylic acid is the most important type of organic acid. A class of compounds with the general formula RCOOH or R (COOH) n, functional group: -COOH. In organic chemistry, compounds in which the hydroxyl group in the carboxylic acid molecule is replaced with other atoms or atomic groups such as halogen and amino groups are called carboxylic acid derivatives, including acid halides, acid anhydrides, esters, and amides.


    Organometalate, also known as organic conductor, is a type of conductive organic charge transfer compound. Such complexes are composed of electron donors and electron acceptors. Typical examples are TTF-TCNQ, TTF-TNAF complex. According to the degree of charge transfer, it can be divided into molecular crystals and charge transfer crystals.
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