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    Home > Biochemical Engineering

    Biochemical Engineering

    The laboratory results of biotechnology are developed through processes and engineering to become a process for industrial production, often called biochemical engineering. Generally, fermentation engineering, large-scale cultivation of animal and plant cells, enzyme engineering, biochemical reaction engineering, biological separation engineering (downstream engineering), biological functional elements (such as enzyme electrodes), and control and optimization of biological processes are all included in biochemical engineering. Inside. Biochemical engineering is a new discipline formed by the combination of modern biotechnology and traditional chemical technology. It is a discipline that successfully applies the principles and methods of chemical engineering to the industrial development of biotechnology laboratories.

    Biosynthetic Natural Products

    Biosynthetic natural products refer to the secondary metabolites of organisms classified from animals, plants and microorganisms. Natural product chemistry research based on biotechnology can provide more mature methods and strategies for producing natural compounds.

    Enzymes and Coenzymes Drugs

    As a kind of biological catalyst, enzyme has catalytic characteristics such as mild conditions, high catalytic efficiency, high specificity, and adjustable enzyme activity. Coenzymes are a general term for a large class of organic cofactors and are essential factors for enzymes to catalyze redox reactions, group transfers, and isomerization reactions. Coenzymes (coenzymes) are a type of small organic molecules that can transfer chemical groups from one enzyme to another. They are loosely combined with enzymes and are necessary for the activity of specific enzymes. There are many vitamins and their derivatives, such as riboflavin, thiamine, and folic acid, which are coenzymes.

    Nucleoside Drugs

    Nucleoside drugs are an important class of drugs used clinically to treat viral infectious diseases, tumors, and AIDS. Nearly 50% of the currently used antiviral drugs are nucleoside drugs, and the antitumor drugs Cytarabine, Doxifluridine, etc. also belong to the nucleoside class. Nucleoside and deoxynucleoside series derivatives have a variety of biologically active substances, which can be used directly or indirectly as drugs, and play an extremely important role in the treatment of a variety of major diseases.

    Amino Acids and Proteins

    Protein is the material basis of life. Without protein, there is no life. Every cell and all important components in the body have proteins involved. Amino acid (Aminoacid) is the basic unit that constitutes a protein, giving a specific molecular structure to the protein, so that his molecules have biochemical activity. Proteins are important active molecules in organisms, including enzymes and enzymes that catalyze metabolism. Different amino acids are chemically polymerized into peptides, the original fragments of a protein, which are precursors for protein production. The basic unit of protein is amino acids, which form peptide chains through dehydration and condensation. A protein is a biological macromolecule composed of one or more polypeptide chains. Each polypeptide chain has 20 to hundreds of amino acid residues; various amino acid residues are arranged in a certain order. The organelles that produce proteins are ribosomes.
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