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Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

Fumaric Acid

Used as a mordant; used in the manufacture of unsaturated polyester resins, pesticides, sour agents and amino acids as sour agents, mostly in combination with citric acid. It can be used for raw noodle wet products and fruit juice drinks with a maximum usage amount of 0.6g/kg; it can also be used for carbonated drinks with a maximum usage amount of 0.3g/kg. Fumaric acid is used in the production of unsaturated polyester resins, which are characterized by good chemical resistance and heat resistance; the copolymer of fumaric acid and vinyl acetate is a good adhesive. Copolymer with styrene is the raw material for manufacturing FRP. The plasticizer made by fumaric acid is non-toxic and can be used for vinyl acetate latex in contact with food. This product is a fine chemical intermediate such as medicine and optical bleaching agent. It is used in the production of antidote dimercaptosuccinic acid in the pharmaceutical industry. The fumaric acid is neutralized with sodium carbonate to obtain sodium fumarate ( [17013-01-3]), and then replaced with ferrous sulfate to obtain iron fumarate, which is used to treat small red blood cell anemia with iron-rich drugs. This product is used as a food additive-sour agent, used in refreshing drinks, fruit candy, jelly, ice cream, etc., most of which are used in combination with the sour agent citric acid. The monosodium salt made by the reaction of fumaric acid and sodium hydroxide, It is also used as a sour seasoning and as an intermediate for synthetic resin and mordant.

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Adipic Acid

1. Progestin
2. Adipic Acid is primarily used in the synthesis of nylon. It has been used as a reagent in the solid-state polymerization of nylon analogs.

Sodium Formate

Sodium formate is used in the production of formic acid, oxalic acid, formamide and sodium hydroxide, as a camouflage acid in the leather industry, chromium tanning, as a catalyst and stabilizer. In the food industry, it is used as a food preservative and used for the preservation of soy sauce, vinegar, low-salt pickles, fruit juice, jam, fruit wine, soda, beverage syrup, tobacco, etc. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used for the preparation of sedatives such as sodium cyanamide and the antiseptic of traditional Chinese medicine pill syrup. It is also used for anti-corrosion and anti-mildew of anti-rust paper, latex paint, shoe polish, glue and fabric. In addition, it can also be used to make mordants in the dye industry, plasticizers in the plastics industry, and as a raw material in the perfume industry.


Used for water hardness determination, also used as acidification activator and diffuser. Uses Widely used as plastic cold-resistant plasticizer, stabilizer, surfactant, release agent, rubber vulcanization accelerator, etc. Lubricant; anticaking agent; gum base; defoamer and other food additives (glyceryl stearate, sorbitan stearate, sucrose ester, etc.) manufacturing raw materials. Used as an emulsifier for oil-based drilling fluids. It can also be used as lubricant and wetting agent in rubber industry and textile industry. Used as a vulcanization active agent for natural rubber, synthetic rubber (except butyl rubber) and latex, and also as a raw material for plasticizers and stabilizers. In medicine, it is used to prepare ointments, suppositories, etc., and also to make cosmetics, candles, waterproofing agents, polishes, etc. This product is used as a lubricant, defoamer and food additives in the food industry as raw materials for glyceryl stearate, sorbitan stearate, and sucrose esters. It can be used as a standard for gas phase analysis and also used in the preparation of soap, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and other organic chemicals. Determine the water hardness. Calcium, magnesium and lithium are measured in the turbidimetric method. Determine the relative molecular weight of the solvent. Active agent that promotes acidification. Commercial stearic acid is actually a mixture of 45% stearic acid and 55% palmitic acid, and contains a small amount of oleic acid, which has a slightly fatty smell.

Formic Acid

Acid is one of the basic organic chemical raw materials. It is widely used in pesticides, leather, textiles, printing and dyeing, medicine and rubber industries. It can also be used to prepare various solvents, plasticizers, rubber coagulants, animal feed additives and new processes to synthesize insulin Wait. In my country~"s formic acid consumption, the pharmaceutical industry accounts for approximately 45%, the chemical industry accounts for approximately 30%, and other sectors such as light industry and textiles account for approximately 25%. Formic acid is one of my country~"s important export chemical products. At present, all formic acid production in my country adopts sodium formate method. Formic acid is often used as a substitute for cheap, less volatile and corrosive inorganic acids, and is widely used in the light industry. In the textile and printing and dyeing industries, formic acid is used as an agent for eliminating nitrous acid gas produced by the Indicotin sodium nitrite method, as a dyeing aid for weak acid dyes and neutral complex dyes, and for dyeing nylon with reactive dyes. Formic acid will not remain on the fabric during printing and dyeing. It has stronger acidity than acetic acid and can reduce hexamedium chromium. Therefore, it can improve the utilization of dye in the chromium mordant dyeing process. The use of formic acid instead of sulfuric acid can avoid the degradation of cellulose, and the acidity is moderate, and the dyeing is familiar, so it is an excellent dye aid. Formic acid, as a substitute for inorganic acids, is used for decolorization, depilation, neutralization of lime in tanning and prevention of mildew in wet leather. Using formic acid as a coagulant can raise the quality of high natural rubber, reduce production costs, and can also be used for the regeneration of waste rubber. The use of formic acid as a feed additive has great potential in silage. Formic acid has the function of inhibiting or preventing the growth of mold. It can change the natural fermentation form of feed. Fatty acid is often added to improve the anti-mold effect. Foraging cows treated with formic acid can prevent milk loss in winter, and the fattening effect has also been significantly improved. In the food industry, formic acid is used for disinfection and antisepsis in the wine industry, as a cleaning and disinfectant for cans, as a preservative for fruit juices and food. A large number of derivatives of formic acid are intermediates of medicines, pesticides, dyes, fragrances, solvents, used in the manufacture of borneol, aminopyrine, caffeine, vitamin B1, analgin, trimethoprim, triflurazine, tricyclazole, dimethyl Base formamide, etc. Among formic acid derivatives, substituted formamides and formates are widely used in industry (for formamide derivatives, see the item). The esters of formic acid are widely used in the perfume industry, such as: ethyl formate-fruit flavors such as peach and raspberry; isoamyl formate-fruit flavor, leather flavor; hexyl formate-apple flavor; heptyl formate ——Apricot, plum, peach and other fruit essences; n-decyl formate—for orange blossom essence and iris oil; benzyl formate—for frangipani and other floral and soap essences; cinnamyl formate—for frangipani and moonshine etc. Use; citronellyl formate-for rose, osmanthus, wild lily and other flavors; syringyl formate-for carnation flavor, etc.; geranyl formate-rose, orange blossom, gerbera and other flavors; formic acid Camphor esters-lavender, bergamot and other flavors; menthyl formate-cosmetic flavors, spray flavors; phenethyl formate-white rose, orchid, chrysanthemum and other flavors; thyme formate-cosmetic fragrances. Used as analytical reagent, such as reducing agent, to prepare buffer solution. It is also used in the preparation of pure carbon monoxide and pesticides. Sterilization and mildew prevention in pulp manufacturing. It can also manufacture leather softeners, rubber coagulants, mordants for printing and dyeing, dyeing and treating agents for fibers and paper, plasticizers and animal feed additives. It can also be used as a preservative in cosmetics. The maximum allowable content in cosmetics is 5% (acid). Formic acid and its aqueous solution can dissolve many metals, metal oxides, hydroxides and salts, and the formate generated can be dissolved in water, so it can be used as a chemical cleaning agent. Formic acid does not contain chloride ions and can be used to clean equipment containing stainless steel. Used in the manufacture of chemicals, rubber coagulants, textiles, printing and dyeing, electroplating, etc.

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Butyl Acrylate

Mainly used to make synthetic resins, synthetic fibers, synthetic rubbers, plastics, coatings, adhesives, etc. Acrylic acid and its esters are widely used in industry. In the process of use, acrylic esters are often polymerized into polymers or copolymers. Butyl acrylate (as well as methyl, ethyl, 2-ethylhexyl) is a soft monomer, which can be combined with various hard monomers such as methyl methacrylate, styrene, acrylonitrile, vinyl acetate, etc., and functional Monomers such as hydroxyethyl (meth)acrylate, hydroxypropyl ester, glycidyl ester, (meth)acrylamide and base derivatives are copolymerized, crosslinked, grafted, etc., to produce more than 200-700 acrylic resins Products (mainly emulsion type, solvent type and water-soluble type) are widely used in coatings, adhesives, acrylic fiber modification, plastic modification, fiber and fabric processing, paper treatment agents, leather processing, and acrylic rubber. Uses It is used as a monomer of polymers and resins and as intermediates in organic synthesis. It is produced in industry by direct esterification of acrylic acid and butanol under sulfuric acid catalysis. It is a monomer for the synthesis of acrylic resins, mainly used in the preparation of coatings, adhesives, resins and acrylic rubbers. Butyl acrylate is a soft monomer and can be combined with various hard monomers such as methyl methacrylate, styrene, acrylonitrile, vinyl acetate, etc. and functional monomers such as hydroxyethyl (propyl) acrylate and methacrylate. (C) esters, glycidyl esters, acrylamides, etc. are copolymerized to make acrylic resins with different properties.

Ethyl Acetate

1. Suitable for HPLC, spectrophotometry, environmental testing
2. Meets urethane grade requirements (H2O 鈮?0.05%)
3. Ethyl Acetate is generally used as a solvent in organic reactions.
4. It is used in chromatography saolvent; extraction medium.

Trenbolone Acetate

Belonging to hormone drugs, use of protein anabolic agents Calibrating instruments and devices; evaluation methods; working standards; quality assurance/quality control.
A steroid used to increase the muscle growth of livestock.

Butyl Acetate

N-Butyl acetate, also known as butyl ethanoate, is an ester which is a colorless flammable liquid at room temperature. Butyl acetate is found in many types of fruit, where along with other chemicals it imparts characteristic flavors and has a sweet smell of banana or apple. It is used as a synthetic fruit flavoring in foods such as candy, ice cream, cheeses, and baked goods. Butyl acetate is often used as a high-boiling solvent of moderate polarity.The other three isomers of butyl acetate are: isobutyl acetate, tert-butyl acetate, and sec-butyl acetate.


1. Widely used starting material for polymers and pharmaceuticals.
2. 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde maintains bactericidal activity when tested against certain bacteria strains. It also displays antioxidant potential when analyzed through assay.
3. It's the important intermediates of pharmaceutical industry and spices. In foreign , it's also used for synthesis of bromoxynil and chloroxynil which are kind of herbicides, and also used in the manufacture of bactericide, photographic emulsifier, nickel plating luster agent, liquid crystal, etc; In the pharmaceutical field, it can be used for synthesis of amoxicillin, antibacterial synergistic agent named TMP, 3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzaldehyde锛孉rtificial gastrodia elata, farrerol, esmololhydrochloride; In the spicery field, it can be used for synthesis of spicery,for example: vanillin, ethyl vanillin, piperonal, springaldehyde, p-anisaldehyde, raspberry ketone natural,etc.
Carboxylic acid is the most important type of organic acid. A class of compounds with the general formula RCOOH or R (COOH) n, functional group: -COOH. In organic chemistry, compounds in which the hydroxyl group in the carboxylic acid molecule is replaced with other atoms or atomic groups such as halogen and amino groups are called carboxylic acid derivatives, including acid halides, acid anhydrides, esters, and amides.
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