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Home > Encyclopedia > Epichlorohydrin

Epichlorohydrin

Epichlorohydrin structure
  • CAS No:

    106-89-8

  • Formula:

    C3H5ClO

  • Synonyms:

    ECH;J006;SKEkhG;(±nci-c07001;Epicloridrina;EPICHLORHYDRIN;Epichlorhydrine;Epichlorohydrin;Epichloorhydrine;2-(Chloromethyl)oxirane;(Chloromethyl)oxirane;1-Chloro-2,3-epoxypropane;γ-Chloropropylene oxide;Glycidyl chloride

  • China Export:

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Epichlorohydrin from China was 7,993,555KG while total export value was $11,860,090. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 16.18% in 2019.01.

  • Categories:

    Organic Chemistry  >  Hydrocarbons and Derivatives

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Basic Attributes

  • 106-89-8

  • C3H5ClO

  • 92.52

  • 92.002892

  • 12.5

  • 0.26

  • 203-439-8

  • BRLQWZUYTZBJKN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

  • 1

  • 0

  • 1

Characteristics

  • APHA: ≤20 Liquid

  • 1.18

  • -57 °C

  • 115-117 °C(lit.)

  • 93 °F

  • 1.444

  • H2O: 6 g/100 mL (10 ºC)

  • Refrigerator (+4°C) + Flammables area

  • 13.8 mm Hg ( 21.1 °C)

  • 3.2 (vs air)

  • 79785

  • Epichlorohydrin can be oxidized by free radical process in liquid or gas phases; these reactions may occur as photochemically initiated atmospheric reactions.

Safety Information

  • II

  • 6.1

  • 2910300000

  • UN 2023 6.1/PG 2

  • 3

  • 45-10-23/24/25-34-43

  • 53-45

  • TX4900000

  • T

  • The warehouse is ventilated, low temperature and dry; stored separately from oxidants and acids

  • P201-P261-P280-P301 + P310-P305 + P351 + P338-P310

  • H226-H301 + H311 + H331-H314-H317-H350

  • In case of open flame, high temperature, oxidant is more flammable; burning produces toxic chloride fumes

  • 3.8-21%(V)

  • Explosive when mixed with air

  • Oral-Rat LD50: 90 mg/kg; Oral-Mouse LD50: 195 mg/kg

  • highly

Usage

Mainly used to prepare glycerin, epoxy resin, chlorohydrin rubber, polyether polyol, is an important raw material for the production of glycerol and glycidol derivatives, and also used as a solvent; used as an organic solvent, epichlorohydrin is a rodenticide The intermediate of Ganfu is also the intermediate of epoxy resin, synthetic glycerin and other chemical products. Epichlorohydrin is an intermediate of synthetic glycerin, and also the main raw material of epoxy resin, nitroglycerin explosive, glass fiber reinforced plastic, and electrical insulation products. And used as a mixture of cellulose ester, resin and cellulose ether. It is also a raw material for the production of surfactants, medicines, pesticides, coatings, adhesives, ion exchange resins, plasticizers, glycerin derivatives, glycidol derivatives and chlorohydrin rubber. Various epoxy resins made with epichlorohydrin and bisphenol A as the main raw materials have the characteristics of high adhesion, low shrinkage, chemical corrosion resistance, and good stability. They are widely used as coatings, adhesives, and reinforcements. Materials and casting materials, etc. The epichlorohydrin rubber produced with epichlorohydrin as the raw material is a new type of rubber. It is not easy to swell in common oils and common solvents, and has greater flexibility in the presence of low temperature without plasticizers. It is superior to nitrile and chlorine Some unique functions of butyl and butyl rubber.

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Production Methods

Its preparation method uses propylene as raw material, chlorination at 500°C to produce chloropropene, and chloropropene reacts with hypochlorous acid at a temperature of 25-35°C to obtain 2, 3-dichloropropanol and 1, 2-dichloropropene Alcohol, and then add 20% lime milk to the mixture for saponification, and the reaction temperature is 45-55°C to obtain epichlorohydrin.

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China Epichlorohydrin Export Data

Data referenced from General Administration of Customs,P.R.China

2018.11-2019.11 China Epichlorohydrin Export Data

From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Epichlorohydrin from China was 7,993,555KG while total export value was $11,860,090. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 16.18% in 2019.01.

2018.11-2019.11 TOP10 Purchasing Countries' Export Data of Chinese Epichlorohydrin

From 2018.11 to 2019.11, China has exported Epichlorohydrin to 16 countries in total. Country ranks by import volume from high to low is Korea, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, Indonesia, Russia, Argentina, Mongolia, Brazil, Japan, Israel. The highest export volume was China to Korea, accounting for 71.70% of the total volume of China.

Check Export Data for More Purchasing Countries

Purchasing Country Export Volume(KG) Export Percentage Export Value($)

Korea

5,731,390

71.70%

8,520,795

United Arab Emirates

1,493,880

18.69%

2,100,803

Thailand

299,440

3.75%

441,993

Indonesia

126,000

1.58%

204,100

Russia

110,540

1.38%

188,422

Argentina

57,600

0.72%

101,376

Mongolia

40,000

0.50%

35,324

Brazil

36,000

0.45%

63,900

Japan

24,900

0.31%

37,260

Israel

19,200

0.24%

29,760

Iran

19,200

0.24%

36,288

Romania

15,300

0.19%

32,715

Kenya

11,025

0.14%

33,694

Peru

7,680

0.10%

14,360

Taiwan

1,400

0.02%

18,794

United Kingdom

0

0.00%

506

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