On August 12, the State Administration of Market Supervision issued the technical requirements for the record product catalog of five health food raw materials including Coenzyme Q10 (draft for comments). The draft for comment made specific requirements for the five health food raw materials for record products. Among them, coenzyme Q10 is involved again.
Coenzyme Q10, also known as ubiquinone 10, is a fat-soluble quinone. Its structure is similar to vitamin K. It is named after the side chain at the sixth position of the nucleus—polyisopentenyl with a degree of polymerization of 10. Quinone ring compounds, yellow or orange powder crystals at room temperature, odorless and tasteless. It is easily decomposed by light, and is widely distributed in nature, mainly in yeast, plant leaves and seeds.
The preparation methods of coenzyme Q10 mainly include biological extraction, microbial fermentation and chemical synthesis.
Coenzyme Q10 can greatly improve the oxygen function, nutrition function and immune enhancement function of human cells. In the mid-1990s, health foods and functional foods containing coenzyme Q10 ingredients appeared in foreign markets. The product categories include powders, capsules or oral liquids, such as composite anti-aging functions made with other natural antioxidant materials. It can be used in high-altitude or mountaineering athletes' hypoxia-tolerant functional foods and beverages.
In my country, according to relevant regulations, Coenzyme Q10 is limited to health food in the food field. In 2003, my country approved the first health food with coenzyme Q10 as the main raw material. Its health function is to delay aging and anti-fatigue, which opened the application of coenzyme Q10 in the food industry in my country.
On September 2, 2009, the former State Food and Drug Administration issued a notice on the registration, application and review of health food products containing Coenzyme Q10 in order to regulate the application and review of health food products containing Coenzyme Q10.
On April 1, 2019, the State Administration for Market Regulation released the catalogue, technical requirements (draft for comments) and drafting instructions of five health food ingredients including Coenzyme Q10, so as to solicit opinions and suggestions from the society.
On August 12, 2020, the State Administration of Market Supervision issued the technical requirements for the record product catalog of five health food raw materials including Coenzyme Q10 (draft for comments), and once again solicited opinions and suggestions from the society.
It is understood that the United States issued an approval document by the FDA in 2003 to formally use Coenzyme Q10 as a food additive in food production, and approved liquid Coenzyme Q10 as a food additive in September 2004; Japan’s Ministry of Health and Welfare approved Coenzyme Q10 as a food additive in 2004 Food additives are officially used in beverages, candies, pastries, cheese, and yogurt.
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