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    Home > Organic Chemistry > Aldehydes > Glyoxal
    Glyoxal structure

    Glyoxal

    • CAS No:

      107-22-2

    • Formula:

      C2H2O2

    • Synonyms:

      ODIX; OXAL; (CHO)2; Glyoxa; Glyoxal; Diformyl; Biformal; Biformyl; Diformal; Glyoxale

    • China Export:

      From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Glyoxal from China was 40,061,889KG while total export value was $106,491,143. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 10.45% in 2018.11.

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    Description

    colourless or light yellow liquidChEBI: The dialdehyde that is the smallest possible and which consists of ethane having oxo groups on both carbons.Yellow crystals melting at15°C. Hence often encountered as a light yellow liquid with a weak sour odor. Vapor has a green color and burns with a violet flame.

    Basic Attributes

    • 107-22-2

    • C2H2O2

    • 58.03610

    • 58.00550

    • 34.14000

    • -0.61580

    • 203-474-9

    • LEQAOMBKQFMDFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

    • 2

    • 0

    • 1

    Characteristics

    • Glyoxal appears as yellow crystals melting at15°C. Hence often encountered as a light yellow liquid with a weak sour odor. Vapor has a green color and burns with a violet flame.

    • 1.265 g/mL at 25ºC

    • -14ºC

    • 104ºC

    • 285ºC

    • n20/D 1.409

    • Micible with water.

    • 2-8ºC

    • 18 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

    • >1 (vs air)

    • Stability Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Strong reducing agent. May polyermize exothermically.

    Safety Information

    • 2912190001

    • UN 1760

    • 1

    • R20; R36/38; R43; R68

    • S36/37

    • MD2700000

    • Xn

    • Well closed.

    • P280-P305 + P351 + P338

    • H315-H317-H319-H341

    • Mixing glyoxal and /chlorosulfonic acid, ethyleneimine, oleum, nitric acid, or sodium hydroxide/...in a closed container caused temperature and pressure to increase.

    • LD50 in rats, guinea pigs (mg/kg): 2020, 760 orally (Smyth)

    Product Usage

    Glyoxal is an organic compound with the chemical formula OCHCHO. It is a yellow-colored liquid that evaporates to give a green-colored gas. Glyoxal is the smallest dialdehyde (two aldehyde groups). Its structure is more complicated than typically represented because the molecule hydrates and oligomerizes. It is produced industrially as a precursor to many products.

    Material and Products

    China Glyoxal Export Data

    Data referenced from General Administration of Customs,P.R.China

    2018.11-2019.11 China - America  Glyoxal Export Data

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Glyoxal from China to America was 14,697,394KG while total export value was $39,758,973. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 15.68% in 2019.10.

    2018.11-2019.11 China Glyoxal Export Data

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Glyoxal from China was 40,061,889KG while total export value was $106,491,143. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 10.45% in 2018.11.

    2018.11-2019.11 TOP10 Purchasing Countries' Export Data of Chinese Glyoxal

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, China has exported Glyoxal to 73 countries in total. Country ranks by import volume from high to low is America, India, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Russia, Taiwan, Thailand, Canada. The highest export volume was China to America, accounting for 20.43% of the total volume of China.

    Check Export Data for More Purchasing Countries

    Purchasing Country Export Volume(KG) Export Percentage Export Value($)

    America

    14,697,394

    20.43%

    39,758,973

    India

    4,662,185

    6.48%

    9,603,281

    United Arab Emirates

    1,915,876

    2.66%

    3,715,981

    Vietnam

    1,860,452

    2.59%

    3,091,324

    Korea

    1,787,051

    2.48%

    1,892,538

    Japan

    1,784,643

    2.48%

    3,709,490

    Russia

    1,422,393

    1.98%

    3,564,602

    Taiwan

    1,174,946

    1.63%

    1,734,620

    Thailand

    977,685

    1.36%

    2,249,404

    Canada

    873,360

    1.21%

    709,313

    Malaysia

    770,380

    1.07%

    1,647,691

    Saudi Arabia

    723,140

    1.01%

    1,958,537

    Mexico

    543,335

    0.76%

    1,705,584

    France

    512,772

    0.71%

    1,523,221

    Indonesia

    509,442

    0.71%

    947,319

    Brazil

    480,385

    0.67%

    1,272,912

    United Kingdom

    463,383

    0.64%

    4,722,210

    Italy

    346,632

    0.48%

    975,234

    Egypt

    309,207

    0.43%

    915,566

    South Africa

    298,961

    0.42%

    834,587

    Iran

    285,640

    0.40%

    655,882

    Colombia

    281,140

    0.39%

    583,293

    Argentina

    276,057

    0.38%

    721,793

    Kuwait

    234,000

    0.33%

    481,619

    Ghana

    215,600

    0.30%

    578,115

    Netherlands

    207,211

    0.29%

    3,130,955

    Spain

    198,725

    0.28%

    2,357,023

    Turkey

    190,242

    0.26%

    376,206

    Slovenia

    182,520

    0.25%

    619,896

    Peru

    178,700

    0.25%

    321,996

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