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Home > Chemial News > Echemi Focus > Multi-country emergency "closure of the city"! Freight and raw materials will soar!

Multi-country emergency "closure of the city"! Freight and raw materials will soar!

Echemi 2021-04-22

According to data published on the official website of the Ministry of Health of India on the 21st, in the past 24 hours, India has seen a surge of 2,95041 confirmed cases a day; 2023 new deaths and a total of 182,553 deaths.

According to reports, a new peak of the epidemic has once again swept overseas. As of 16:00 on April 21, 2021, 22,457,389 cases have been confirmed abroad, and a total of 143,476,033 cases have been confirmed. Many countries and regions, including Japan, Turkey, Iran, and Cambodia, have been affected and have adopted measures such as "city closures" or "curfews", and regional control and epidemic prevention measures have become stricter.

Prior to this, the Indian state of Rajasthan announced that it would implement a 15-day blockade from the 19th to May 3rd. In addition to providing basic living services, all offices, shopping centers, cinemas, religious sites, educational institutions, and libraries are closed during the lockdown period. The authorities have announced a nationwide ban on domestic travel. From May 6 to May 17, all sea, land, air and rail transportation will be suspended to prevent potential large-scale epidemics during the Eid al-Fitr.


Turkey
There are 59,187 newly confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia daily, and a total of 3,962,760 confirmed cases. Turkish President Erdogan delivered a national television speech after the cabinet meeting and stated that due to the recent increase in new cases and deaths in Turkey, stricter epidemic prevention measures will be implemented in the first two weeks of Ramadan.


Japan
Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike is considering entering a state of emergency from April 29 to May 9. According to foreign media reports, the Japanese government has decided to declare a new coronavirus emergency in Tokyo, Osaka and Hyogo prefectures. The official decision was announced as early as this week.


Iran
The government decided that starting from April 10, Iran will impose a 10-day blockade on 23 provinces across the country. During Ramadan starting on April 13, all religious gatherings will also be banned.


Cambodia
The Cambodian government announced on the evening of the 14th that the capital of Phnom Penh and Dakin Ou City in Kangla Province will be "closed" for 14 days from 0:00 on April 15 until April 28. Except for "important services", no one is allowed to go out at will. The government stipulates that during the lockdown period, people are forbidden to go out unnecessarily. Except seeking medical or drug services, or other special purpose activities approved by the Ministry of Health, the number of people shall not exceed four. Large-scale events and gatherings, including religious, sports, social and cultural activities, are completely banned. Prime Minister Hun Sen issued an emergency speech on April 16, stating that the government will tighten measures to "close the city" and prohibit people from going out. If the 14-day lockdown in Phnom Penh and Dakin Ou City cannot effectively reduce the spread of the epidemic, the lockdown will be extended to 28 days or more.


Chile
The Chilean government announced that the border will be closed to foreign citizens without Chilean residence permits from April 5th. Chilean citizens and foreign nationals with Chilean residence permits shall not leave the country without special reasons. The effective period of the measures is tentatively scheduled for 30 days; starting from April 5th , The curfew is extended by 1 hour from 22:00 every day to 5:00 the next day to 21:00 every day to 5:00 the next day. At the same time, strictly define the scope of "basic necessities" that supermarkets in the "closed city" area are allowed to sell, and stipulate that residents of the "closed city" area can only apply for travel permits twice a week, of which only one can be used on weekends and holidays.


Mozambique
The President of Mozambique announced a new curfew on April 5, extending the curfew that was originally enforced only in the Maputo Region to the capital cities of all provinces of the country. The curfew is from 22:00 to 4:00 the next day, and all other COVID-19 prevention measures remain unchanged. The regulations will be implemented from April 6th for a period of 21 days.


Ship closure, fuse, transportation is blocked, freight costs soaring
130 new countries added to the U.S. travel ban list

The US State Department announced on the 19th that it will begin to update the travel warning system to make it more closely aligned with the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This change will result in an increase of 130 countries with the highest warning level-level 4 "do not go". Approximately 80% of the countries in the world will be included in this category.


"Non-essential travel" restrictions on the US-Canada-Mexico border extended by 30 days
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security announced on the 20th that in response to the new crown epidemic, the "non-essential travel" restrictions on the U.S. borders with Canada and Mexico have been extended for 30 days. The Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Chad Wolf said in a statement that day that the three countries of the United States, Canada and Mexico have decided to extend the current "non-essential travel" restrictions for 30 days after "close cooperation." He also reiterated President Trump's previous position that border control and travel restrictions are essential to slow the spread of the epidemic and allow the country to restart the economy in stages.


China has made a number of "circuit breaker" decisions
On April 19, the Civil Aviation Administration issued a circuit breaker instruction to Air China Flight CA946 (Karachi to Xi'an) and Indonesia's Sulawejaya Flight SJ3184 (Jakarta to Hangzhou). Since April 26, the above two flights will be suspended for two weeks.

On April 14, the Civil Aviation Administration issued fusing instructions to Air China flight CA738 (Warsaw to Taiyuan), Air France flight AF382 (Paris to Tianjin), and Pakistan International Airlines flight PK854 (Islamabad to Xi'an).

On April 6 and 7, the Civil Aviation Administration issued fusing instructions to China Southern Airlines flight CZ6044 (Nairobi to Changsha) and Italy's Leos Airlines flight NO946 (Milan to Nanjing).

On April 8, the Civil Aviation Administration issued another fusing instruction to implement fusing measures on Eastern Airlines Flight MU588 (New York to Shanghai). 
 
From April 1 to April 2, the Civil Aviation Administration issued a circuit breaker instruction to implement circuit breaker measures again on Rwanda Airlines flight WB9500, Ethiopian Airlines flight ET684, and Turkish Airlines flight TK72.


Air traffic is shut down, imports are blocked, and the coating industry chain is greatly affected
In response to the overseas epidemic, many countries have blocked cities and suspended flights. This not only has a greater impact on the survival and health of people around the world, but also has a huge impact on the chemical industry.

Many high-end chemical raw materials in China have been imported for a long time. According to rough statistics, nearly 100 kinds of raw materials are imported from overseas. Among them, PX products, methanol, ethylene glycol, styrene, propylene, ethylene, pure benzene and other products will import more than 1 million tons in 2020. According to data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, among the key basic chemical materials, 32% of the varieties in my country are still blank, and 52% are still dependent on imports. Such as high-end electronic chemicals, high-end functional materials, high-end polyolefins, etc., it is difficult to meet the needs of the economy and people's livelihood.

There are many well-known chemical companies in overseas countries and the EU, such as specialty chemicals companies Lanxess, Solvay, Rhodia, resin companies DSM and Arkema, polyethylene and polypropylene companies Borealis, and adhesive technology Companies Henkel, silicone company Wacker Chemie, titanium dioxide company Connors, etc. The current price and supply of the coatings industry are closely related to the market conditions of upstream raw materials. Today, the overseas epidemic situation is severe, and the shortage of raw materials may be difficult to improve. It will be a high probability event that prices continue to soar.

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