Product
  • Product
  • Supplier
  • Inquiry
    Home > SDS > Carbon Dioxide

    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to the UN GHS revision 8

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: July 15, 2019

    Revision Date: July 15, 2019

    1. Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name

    Carbon dioxide

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number

    -

    Other names

    Carbon dioxide; CARBON DIOXIDE

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses

    Food additives

    Uses advised against

    no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company

    Echemi.com

    Address

    Echemi.com

    Telephone

    Echemi.com

    Fax

    Echemi.com

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number

    Echemi.com

    Service hours

    Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2. Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Not classified.

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Warning

    Hazard statement(s)

    H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    none

    Response

    none

    Storage

    none

    Disposal

    none

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    no data available

    3. Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide 124-38-9 204-696-9 100%

    4. First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Medical attention is required. Consult a doctor. Show this safety data sheet (SDS) to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.

    Following skin contact

    ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes. Refer for medical attention .

    Following eye contact

    Rinse with pure water for at least 15 minutes. Consult a doctor.

    Following ingestion

    Rinse mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a doctor or Poison Control Center immediately.

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    Inhalation causes increased respiration rate, headache, subtle physiological changes for up to 5% concentration and prolonged exposure. Higher concentrations can cause unconsciousness and death. Solid can cause cold contact burns. Liquid or cold gas can cause freezing injury to skin or eyes similar to a burn. (USCG, 1999)

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 120 [Gases - Inert (Including Refrigerated Liquids)]: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. (ERG, 2016)

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 120 [Gases - Inert (Including Refrigerated Liquids)]: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. (ERG, 2016)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. Simple asphyxiants and related compounds

    5. Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media: Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide.

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Behavior in Fire: Containers may explode when heated. (USCG, 1999)

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 120 [Gases - Inert (Including Refrigerated Liquids)]: Non-flammable gases. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. (ERG, 2016)

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 120 [Gases - Inert (Including Refrigerated Liquids)]: Non-flammable gases. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. (ERG, 2016)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    In case of fire in the surroundings, use appropriate extinguishing media. In case of fire: keep cylinder cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.

    6. Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT use water.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Do NOT use water.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Accidental release measures. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Avoid breathing vapors, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas.; Environmental precautions: Do not let product enter drains.; Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Clean up promptly by sweeping or vacuum.

    7. Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Handling in a well ventilated place. Wear suitable protective clothing. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Use non-sparking tools. Prevent fire caused by electrostatic discharge steam.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof if in building. Cool. Ventilation along the floor.Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities: Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Contents under pressure. Avoid heating above: 50 deg C.

    8. Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    TLV: 5000 ppm as TWA; 30000 ppm as STEL.MAK: 9100 mg/m3, 5000 ppm; peak limitation category: II(2).EU-OEL: 9000 mg/m3, 5000 ppm as TWA

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Ensure adequate ventilation. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Set up emergency exits and the risk-elimination area.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Wear safety spectacles.

    Skin protection

    Cold-insulating gloves.

    Respiratory protection

    Use ventilation.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9. Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state

    Carbon dioxide is a colorless odorless gas at atmospheric temperatures and pressures. Relatively nontoxic and noncombustible. Heavier than air and may asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Soluble in water. Forms carbonic acid, a mild acid. Under prolonged exposure to heat or fire the container may rupture violently and rocket. Used to freeze food, to control chemical reactions, and as a fire extinguishing agent.

    Colour

    Colorless gas

    Odour

    Odorless

    Melting point/ freezing point

    -78.5ºC(lit.)

    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range

    Sublimes (NIOSH, 2016)

    Flammability

    Nonflammable Gas

    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit

    no data available

    Flash point

    Not applicable

    Auto-ignition temperature

    no data available

    Decomposition temperature

    no data available

    pH

    The pH of saturated CO2 solutions varies from 3.7 at 101 kPa (1 atm) to 3.2 at 2370 kPa (23.4 atm)

    Kinematic viscosity

    21.29 uPa-sec at 300 K /26.85 deg C/

    Solubility

    0.2 % at 77° F (NIOSH, 2016)

    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water

    0.83

    Vapour pressure

    56.5 atm ( 20 °C)

    Density and/or relative density

    1.977(0ºC)

    Relative vapour density

    1.52 (vs air)

    Particle characteristics

    no data available

    10. Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    Decomposes above 2000°C . This produces toxic carbon monoxide.

    10.2 Chemical stability

    Stable under recommended storage conditions.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    Noncombustible gas.The gas is heavier than air and may accumulate in lowered spaces causing a deficiency of oxygen. Free-flowing liquid condenses to form extremely cold dry ice.Dusts of magnesium, lithium, potassium, sodium, zirconium, titanium, and some magnesium-aluminum alloys, and heated aluminum, chromium, and magnesium when suspended in carbon dioxide are ignitable and explosive. This is especially true in the presence of strong oxidizers, such as peroxides. The presence of carbon dioxide in solutions of aluminum hydride in ether can cause violent decomposition on warming the residue, [J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 877]. Dangers arising from the use of carbon dioxide in the fire prevention and extinguishing systems of confined volumes of air and flammable vapors are examined. The hazard associated with its use centers around the fact that large electrostatic discharges may be created that initiate explosion, [Quart. Saf. Summ., 1973, 44(1740, 10]. Contact of very cold liquid/solid carbon dioxide with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling of the product and extremely rapid vaporization due to the large temperature differences involved. If the water is hot, there is the possibility that a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if liquid gas contacts water in a closed container. Forms weak carbonic acid in nonhazardous reaction with water.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    Incompatible with acrylaldehyde, aziridine, metal acetylides, sodum peroxide.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    The substance decomposes on heating above 2000 deg C producing toxic carbon monoxide.

    11. Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: no data available
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    no data available

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    Rapid evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite. Inhalation of high levels may cause unconsciousness. Asphyxiation.

    STOT-repeated exposure

    The substance may have effects on the metabolism.

    Aspiration hazard

    On loss of containment this substance can cause serious risk of suffocation when in confined areas.

    12. Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: /Oncorhynchus mykiss/ (Rainbow trout); Concentration: 240 mg/L for 1 hour /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    no data available

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    no data available

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    no data available

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13. Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14. Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN1845 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: UN1845 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: UN1845 (For reference only, please check.)

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: CARBON DIOXIDE, SOLID (DRY ICE) (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: CARBON DIOXIDE, SOLID (DRY ICE) (For reference only, please check.) IATA: CARBON DIOXIDE, SOLID (DRY ICE) (For reference only, please check.)

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 9 (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: 9 (For reference only, please check.) IATA: 9 (For reference only, please check.)

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: (For reference only, please check.) IMDG: (For reference only, please check.) IATA: (For reference only, please check.)

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: No IMDG: No IATA: No

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15. Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide 124-38-9 204-696-9
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.
    Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL) Listed.

    16. Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date July 15, 2019
    Revision Date July 15, 2019

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Other Information

    Carbon dioxide is given off by many fermentation processes (wine, beer, etc.) and is a major component of flue gas.High concentrations in the air cause a deficiency of oxygen with the risk of unconsciousness or death.Check oxygen content before entering the area.There is no odour warning even when toxic concentrations are present.Other UN classification numbers for transport are: UN 1845 carbon dioxide, solid (Dry ice); UN 2187 carbon dioxide refrigerated liquid.

    Any questions regarding this SDS, Please send your inquiry to sds@xixisys.com

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.

    Suggestions
    Email:
    Message:
    Send Message