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    Home > Organic Chemistry > Nitrile Compound > Acrylonitrile
    Acrylonitrile structure

    Acrylonitrile

    • CAS No:

      107-13-1

    • Formula:

      C3H3N

    • Synonyms:

      VCN;ent54;tl314;ENT54;TL314;Ventox;Acrylon;Acritet;CH2CHCN;NSC6362;Acrylonitrile;2-Propenenitrile;Cyanoethene;Vinyl cyanide (VCN);Cyanoethylene;Propenenitrile;Prop-2-enenitrile

    • China Export:

      From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Acrylonitrile from China was 40,004,429KG while total export value was $64,922,527. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 34.86% in 2019.11.

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    Description

    Colorless to pale-yellow liquid with an unpleasant odor. [Note: Odor can only be detected above the PEL.]

    Basic Attributes

    • 107-13-1

    • C3H3N

    • 53.06

    • 53.026550

    • 23.8

    • 0.25

    • 203-466-5

    • NLHHRLWOUZZQLW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

    • 1

    • 0

    • 0

    Characteristics

    • Clear Liquid

    • 0.81

    • -83.5 °C

    • 77.3 °C

    • 32 °F

    • 1.385

    • H2O: soluble . 7.45 g/100 mL

    • 2-8°C

    • 86 mm Hg ( 20 °C)

    • 1.83 (vs air)

    • 605310

    • Stable under recommended storage conditions.

    Safety Information

    • I

    • 3

    • 29261000

    • UN 1093 3/PG 1

    • 3

    • 45-11-23/24/25-37/38-41-43-51/53-39/23/24/25-62-63

    • 53-9-16-45-61-36/37

    • AT5250000

    • F,T,N,Xn

    • The warehouse is ventilated, low temperature and dry; stored separately from oxidants, acids and alkalis

    • P201-P210-P260-P280-P301 + P310-P311

    • H225-H301 + H311 + H331-H350-H370

    • It is flammable in case of open flame, high temperature and oxidant; burning produces toxic nitrogen oxide fumes; decomposing toxic gas in water

    • 2.8-28%(V)

    • Explosive when mixed with air

    • Oral-Rat LD50: 78  mg/kg;Oral-Mouse LD50: 27 mg/kg

    • highly toxic

    Product Usage

    Manufacture of acrylic fibers.In the plastics, surface coatings, and adhesives industries.As a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of antioxidants, pharmaceuticals, dyes, surface-active agents, etc.In organic synthesis to introduce a cyanoethyl group.As a modifier for natural polymers.As a pesticide fumigant for stored grain.Experimentally to induce adrenal hemorrhagic necrosis in rats.

    Production Methods

    The preparation method mainly uses the propylene ammoxidation method, using propylene, ammonia and oxygen in the air as raw materials, and reacts in the presence of a catalyst. The catalyst is mainly a compound containing phosphorus, molybdenum, and bismuth, and the mole of propylene, ammonia, and air The ratio is 1: (1 to 1.2): (1.8 to 2.3), the reaction temperature is 400 to 500°C, the reaction pressure is normal pressure, and the reactor is a fluidized bed. Reaction equation: CH2=CH2-CH3+NH3+3/2O2→CH2=CH-CN+3H2O The single-pass yield of acrylonitrile in this reaction is 60%-75%.

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    Material and Products

    China Acrylonitrile Export Data

    Data referenced from General Administration of Customs,P.R.China

    2018.11-2019.11 China Acrylonitrile Export Data

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, total export volume of Acrylonitrile from China was 40,004,429KG while total export value was $64,922,527. The biggest proportion of exporting volume in the last 12 months was 34.86% in 2019.11.

    2018.11-2019.11 TOP10 Purchasing Countries' Export Data of Chinese Acrylonitrile

    From 2018.11 to 2019.11, China has exported Acrylonitrile to 3 countries in total. Country ranks by import volume from high to low is Korea, India, United Arab Emirates. The highest export volume was China to Korea, accounting for 50.62% of the total volume of China.

    Check Export Data for More Purchasing Countries

    Purchasing Country Export Volume(KG) Export Percentage Export Value($)

    Korea

    21,748,195

    50.62%

    35,628,906

    India

    9,277,105

    21.59%

    14,069,355

    United Arab Emirates

    8,979,129

    20.90%

    15,224,266

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